LearningMerchandising

How to Calculate Basic Costing for a T-Shirt?

Fashion designer in her studio

Fabric consumption and costing is one of the most important tasks for the apparel merchandisers. To get higher profit percentage from an apparel export order, merchandiser should have calculated the total costing and consumption by applying accurate fabric consumption calculation formula.

Solution:


Fabric Consumption Calculation or Apparel Weight Calculation Formula:
We have to follow the below formula during fabric consumption for the apparel. You may follow How to calculate fabric consumption for T-shirt.

Apparel weight calculation,

[{T.L + S.L + (2× H.A) + (2 × S.A)} × (1/2 Chest + S.A)] × G.S.M × 2
………………………………………………..…………..……………………         … (1)
10000

And,


Round neck collar weight calculation,

{(Neck round + S.A) × (Collar width + S.A) × G.S.M × 2}
………………………………………..………………………..……                …….. (2)
10000

Where,
T.L is stands for Total length,
S.A stands for Seam allowance,
H.A stands for Hem allowance,
S.L stands for Sleeve length.

Apparel weight calculation for middle size i.e. L Size:

Let,
Seam allowance =1cm,
Hem allowance = 2cm,

So,
From equation-01, we get,

[{60+23+ (2×2) + (2×1)} × (50+1)] ×180×2
……………………………………………………..
10000

= 166.60 gms
= 0.167kg

Again, 

From equation-02, we get,

{(52+1) × (3+1) ×180×2}
………………………………..
10000

= 7.8gms
= 0.08kg

So,

L size apparel weight stands at,
= (0.167+0.08) kg
= 0.175kg

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